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مُساهمةموضوع: pour rachid2   الثلاثاء 29 يونيو 2010 - 11:38

INTRODUCTION

Many studies have been done concerning moroccan literature ;but it is till now rare those about moroccan women writings in its particularities as one of the important issues of gender studies .

Thinking about how to weave all i could collect about this subject leds me to focuse on two principale parts: Theoritical background of Moroccan women writings, and how fatema Mernissi,as a Moroccan writer ,practiced her feminist desobedience,girlhood, and her passion through her novel "Dreams Of Trespass".

The reason which for I have chosen this topic "Moroccan Women Writings" comes from a great belief that literature is an important means that could change priorities , and bring things from the margin to the center of society.

To avoid any misunderstanding ,the use of the term "moroccan women writings",will be considered ,conventially in this paper ,the literary works created by Moroccan women writers.


PART ONE

Literary theory is an umbrella term for many different movements in the formal study of texts. There are many popular schools of literary theory, which take different approaches to understanding texts. Most actual theorists combine methods of more than one approach.
Looking in the moroccan library,one could see that the feminine voices are diverse and have various origins . many schools have been historically important : postcolonialism ,feminism .... Family ties,religion, and political conflict are mainly interlocked in these works.


The beginning of moroccan women writings could be considered as one of the important movements that appeared after the french colonization had started influencing Moroccan daily life ...

Leila Abouzeid, whose novel Year of the Elephant has gone through six reprintings, has now translated her childhood memoir into English. Published in Rabat in 1993 to critical acclaim, the work brings to life the interlocking dramas of family ties and political conflict. Against a background of Morocco's struggle for independence from French colonial rule, Abouzeid charts the development of personal relationships, between generations as well as between husbands and wives. Abouzeid's father is a central figure; as a strong advocate of Moroccan nationalism, he was frequently imprisoned by the French and his family forced to flee the capital. Si Hmed was a public hero, but the young daughter's memories of her famous father and of the family's plight because of his political activities are not so idyllic

Leila Abouzeid (Arabic: ليلة أبو زيد‎) is a Moroccan author who writes in Arabic rather than in French and is the first Moroccan woman writer of literature to be translated into English. She was born in 1950. After studying at the Mohamed V University in Rabat and The University of Texas, Austin, Leila Abouzeid began her career as a radio and TV journalist, and also worked as press assistant in government ministries and in the prime minister's office. Former Fellow of the World Press Institute at St. Paul , Minnesota , Leila Abouzeid left the pra young Moroccan woman and her struggle to find an identity in the Morocco of the second half of the twentieth century. Shifting male/female relationships feature strongly in the narrative, as do clashes of modern and traditional Moroccan society, Islamic and Western values, as well as the older practices of sorcery and witchcraftess in 1992 to dedicate herself to writing fiction. [1]
In her first novel, Year of the Elephant , many of the events of Abouzeid's narrative (divorce, the struggle against poverty, interfamilial conflict, etc.) are common themes in contemporary Moroccan literature, but are presented here in a new perspective – that of a woman. Abouzeid explores a number of themes throughout the story of the conflict between traditional culture and modernism, Moroccan society's valuation of women, and the meaning of independence at both the national and the individual levels. In Return to Childhood , Abouzeid charts her deeply personal journey through family conflicts ignited by the country's civil unrest during Morocco 's struggle for independence from French colonial rule.
Abouzeid's book, The Last Chapter , is a thought-provoking, semi-autobiographical story about . “With an author as talented as Abouzeid and the heroine an intellectual with the tongue of a Moroccan Dorothy Parker, there is a lot of substance to the novel” – commented the Cairo Times.
[edit] ReferencesDenys Johnson-Davies, The Anchor Book of Modern Arabic Fiction, ed. Anchor Books, 2006 ISBN 9781400079766
De Depuis ce temps-là", Ministère de la culture,
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